ac186bab57 Susan Blackmore. .The important differences between genes emerge only in their effects. Richard Dawkins: How A Scientist Changed the Way We Think. He deftly relates the basic scientific facts about the way genes are believed to function, while making clear the aspects of genetics that remain unknown. .The phenotypic effects of a gene are the tools by which it levers itself into the next generation. It is little more than a metaphor that masquerades as a theoretical concept and .leads to a misleading picture of the nature of possible explanations in molecular biology." Sahotra Sarkar Biological information: a skeptical look at some central dogmas of molecular biology, p. Mukherjee offers insight into both the scientific process and the sociology of science, exploring the crucial experiments that have shed light on the biochemical complexities inherent in the genome. Further more, Yuzuru Tanaka of Hokkaido University wrote a book, Meme Media and Meme Market Architectures.
"Dawkins claims to prefer genes and to find greater insight in this formulation. Although supported by Dawkins and by many others, this claim continues to be disputed. While nave versions of group selectionism have been disproved, more sophisticated formulations make accurate predictions in some cases while positing selection at higher levels. Both sides agree that very favourable genes are likely to prosper and replicate if they arise and both sides agree that living in groups can be an advantage to the group members. Levels of Selection in Evolution. selection: a process in which the differential extinction or proliferation of interactors cause the differential perpetuation of the replicators that produced them . Best Books. 83 . River out of Eden: A Darwinian View (Paperback reprint of 1995 ed.). TRENDS in Ecology and Evolution 21 (2).